Anyone have data on PNG performance in PISA or TIMSS? Or similar info?
If all else fails, you can look at the NAPLAN scores of Torres Strait schools in Australia. The Torres people have a reputation as being a Papuan-Aboriginal mix, but the exact proportions are difficult to pin down. A Y-chromosome study found its two Torres men to belong to group M, which is almost exclusively Papuan. A mtDNA study noted that they carry haplogroups Q1, Q3, P1, and P3 which are again almost exclusively Papuan, but I can’t find complete numbers.
Here you can find test scores for various schools on Thursday Island:
Here’s a specific example from a school that’s 95% Indigenous:
The Australian mean reading score for Year 3 students (seven year olds) is 426 with a standard deviation of 86, so about a 1-1.15 standard deviation difference in results.
Lynn and Vanhanen in their 2006 book, IQ and the Wealth of Nations, gave an improbably high IQ score for Papua New Guinea, namely 83.
Similar IQ to Iranians.unlikely.
I grew up there; 83 doesn’t sound unreasonable given their performance at school. At that stage about 1/6 were judged sufficiently capable to complete schooling. There’s also potentially some difference between the Melanesian folk on the coasts and the Papuans in the highlands.
Both groups I would judge substantially more capable than Australian Aborigines.
Given the isolation implied by the 1250 languages on the island, I would suspect there is quite some scope for growth in capacity as/if they move towards nationhood rather than isolated tribal arrangements.
I can buy an average IQ of 83 for Melanesians. Not so for Papuans proper.
What is known about genetic differences between Melanesian and non-Melanesian inhabitants of New Guinea?
They’re all Melanesians, though some speak Polynesian languages which might be the difference you’re thinking of. Not sure how Polynesian they are genetically.
No. Papuans are distinctly not Melanesian.
Most of the languages of New Guinea are certainly not Melanesian or Polynesian.
Greenberg did believe that the non-Austronesian languages of New Guinea form a single linguistic family but his assertion is quite controversial.
I was referring to Melanesian in the ethnic/racial sense. There is a group of confusingly-named Melanesian languages, which are the Austronesian languages spoken in Melanesia.
Anyone got a link to the post (here) on an analysis method for detecting selective pressure on genes?
Hmm. It seems very difficult to find data on actual outcomes. It looks like starting in 1993 there has been active efforts to focus on outcomes other than academic (years in schooling, gender equity, etc) in order to meet various agendas.
There appears to be/have been a Measurement Services Unit that keeps data on performance on the internal testing (final exams in Grade 6, 10, 12). Which could be useful for regional comparison but not so much internationally. This data does not seem to be online, but is referenced in a number of thesis.
Prior to 93, basically an Australian school system with gating for adequate performance.
There may be colonial data from prior to 1975… but I haven’t seen it.
I’m figuring it must be at least equal to Han Chinese, and maybe even Ashkenazi.
The short answer appears to be no on the availability of relevant data.
I don’t think they’ve done the recent PISA/TIMSS
I checked the reference used by Lynn, et al. and its not very useful. http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED365515.pdf
The issue with PNG scores (which are close to average) is that only 11% of the relevant population made it far enough in school to take the test. And the test for age 14/grade 9 was taken by average age 17.1/grade 10 in PNG. So the cream of the crop of 17 year olds vs. nearly all 14.5 year olds in Australia (Australia did slightly better).
If this is really all the data we have then I guess it’s pretty much “say whatever you want”–which is certainly what Diamond does.
The PNG and the Indonesian West Papua are settled by the same people so their educational achievements should be comparable. I could find only one established secular secondary school in Port Moresby and none in West Papua. Thus no PISA scores. But we know that Papuans are very smart, because anthropologist Diamond studied them many years and says so. The native Cargo religion is among a most intellectually demanding theological system, we Westerners can’t even comprehend its depth.
Clarke, Viney et all, ‘The effects of modelling instruction on the problem solving performance of preschool students in Australia and Papua New Guinea’, International Journal of Psychology, 1975, Vol 10 , No. 3, p181-196
Weschler Test results for 6-7 year olds in Port Moresby circa 1975. Also comparison of development under instruction with Australian 3-4 year olds(!)
School and student differences : grade ten examination and assessment results / Christopher J.S. Tuppen 1981 – but not available online that I can see. Available from NLA though if you wanted to chase further.
Note: Vol 39 in a series of reports by the Educational Research Unit.
COGNITIVE STUDIES WITH STUDENTS IN PAPUA GUINEA, J JONES 1973 ERU Report 10
The Indigenous Mathematics Project: An Overview
Author(s): David F. Lancy
Source: Educational Studies in Mathematics, Vol. 12, No. 4 (Nov., 1981), pp. 445-453 Published by: Springer
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3482399
Accessed: 10-08-2017 10:28 UTC
Multiple test sites across the country as they grappled with stark variations in results.
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